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13 April 2008
Palaeolithic Scotland by Jack Sneddon
By Steve White @ 15:23 :: 42711 Views :: 86 Comments :: :: General Archaeology
 
Article Pages:
The first evidence of early Palaeolithic Tool Cultures in Scotland

EXTANT PALAEOLITHIC SCOTLAND

Geomorphology of "Morainless Buchan"

The predominant feature of the area of excavation is its capping by the Buchan Flint deposits.

The complete absence of early or mid Devensian glaciation in the vicinity credits these deposits with, at least 150,000 Yrs. of exposure.

Weathered granite, nearby, credits them with an exposure not earlier than the granite but much earlier than the Devensian or the Riss, equating to at least 260,000 Yrs. of exposure.

The works of Jamieson, Bremner, Scott Simpson, Synge, Walton and Fitzpatrick, which have never been rebutted, combine to establish that the deposits are Pliocene by birthright.

It is still possible to walk over the ridges of these deposits and look down on the palaeo-valleys and lagoons which they helped form.

The area of interest shows signs of much fluvial activity in the past but none of late, principal, glaciation.

The vertical positioning of the deposits, which cap nearby hill of Longhaven, confirm the inordinate amount of periglacial "Freeze Thaw" activity that has taken place.

These deposits may be revealed by the removal of less than one spade depth of topsoil and are to be found in perfect vertical orientation.

Considering one currently accepted arrival of the deposits as being by ice, from the North Sea or the Moray Firth, along with their vertical attitude, then, their periglacial activity commenced sometime prior to the Mindel- Riss, Great inter-glacial period and has continued uninterrupted.

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Comments
By Gordon @ 29 April 2008 17:18
Jack,
Thanks for posting this. I have an interest in Doggerland research, but this is fascinating too.
Look forward to seeing more.

By Jack Sneddon @ 26 May 2010 22:05
"Breaking News"
Further evidence of Palaeolithic Habitation of Buchan is provided by Dr. E.A. Fitzpatrick in Palaeolithic Scotland Today. Artefacts found appear to pre date Boxgrove Cultures C. 500,000 yrs.

By Steve White @ 15 July 2010 20:41
Jack -

I know you're aware of the links below but I'm posting them here for others who are interested:

http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2010/jul/07/first-humans-britain-stone-tools

http://www.britishmuseum.org/research/research_projects/featured_project_happisburgh/excavation_at_happisburgh.aspx

By Jack Sneddon @ 21 December 2010 00:08
Over the past few months of scrutiny on "Sparker", ref "Palaeolithic Scotland Today"; data has been obtained which finds some welcomed support from the unearthing of , perhaps later material recently gathered from the South Eastern shores of Mainland Britain.

Detailed optical analysis of the cortex of "Sparker" is revealing how it probably resided for a few hundred years or so in a desert which peaked in the Gunz Mindel inter glacial.

A detailed jpeg of "Sparker" will be released early 2011




By Jack Sneddon @ 15 March 2011 22:27
"Moraineless Buchan" and the investigation of its Hidden Soil Horizons have provided evidence of early Palaeolithic habitation of Scotland.

The area covered by the moss of cruden and buttressed by the "Buchan Flint Deposits" holds a tale which did not quite "fit in" with the thoughts of some 20th century archaeologists.

Well; we are now in the 21st century and have at our disposal the teachings of Dr.E.A. Fitzpatrick.

All of the "official" work over the past 70 odd years which has been concerned with traceability of the first human habitation of our unique, close knit Island community does not appear to have considered the importance of "Moraineless Buchan".

The combination of the unnaturally modified artefacts found and the fact that they were found in a hidden soil horizon is unique but there will be other such circumstances which will be found on planet if we search for them with the knowledge and tools which Dr.Fitzpatrick has provided us with.

The Moss of Cruden and its hidden soil horizons are fundamental to the traceability of our paths through time.

Current Archaeological investigative techniques might appear to be in need of review in the light of Dr. Fitzpatrick's work and the evidence from the Moss of Cruden.

What do you think?



Watch this space!

By Jack Sneddon @ 13 July 2011 19:35
Attached for info is copy of a letter to various "National Press Editors" sent a couple of days ago.

I hope that if they do not recognise the significance of what we have uncovered on the "Moss of Cruden" then they might do me the kindness of requesting clarification.

Jack Sneddon.

Sir,
PALAEOLITHIC SCOTLAND AND HIDDEN SOIL HORIZONS
It is with pleasure that I write to your respected paper and it is right that I should do so not only for the benefit of every one on the Planet but especially for my fellow countrymen and women here in Scotland.
Scotland has long been denied the honour of having had an early Palaeolithic heritage. This denial has essentially been carried along through the ages on the premise that Scotland would not supply any human
evidence of early Palaeolithic habitation as any evidence which may have been there would have been scoured away by the glaciers?.

Well, this line of thought may or may not be true for some parts of Scotland but it caries no weight in an area which is proven to have never experienced any late primary glaciation.

That is to say, today what is known as Morraineless Buchan and containing the Moss of Cruden; did not experience any late primary glaciation and could have been ice free for about 1,000,000 years or more. Oh! it would have been cold; indeed it would have been very cold but it would have been then more of a Tundra landscape encircled at one time by gently sloping and icy uplands.

Over the past 15 years or so, I and others have had the honour and privilege to work with Dr. E.A. Fitzpatrick, Kubiena Gold Medallist in Soil Science; in exploring and excavating “Morraineless Buchan”.
Using Dr. Fitzpatrick’s, now axiomatic work; on “Hidden Soil Horizons” allowed us to retrieve material which proves, until any other motion to the contrary is tabled; that Scotland can take its place with dignity among others as having been in the cradle of human evolution and at much senior level than previously anticipated.

I will welcome all reasonable queries on this communication but there is still much to tell.
e.g. One of our sites was visited by an extremely well known and internationally respected archaeologist whom I had worked with. They advised that we had to get the geology sorted out!

We have done this via Dr.Fitzpatrick’s work on Hidden Soil Horizons!.

This same archaeologist presented samples of our excavated materials to other respected Archaeologists at a well known English University and asked if they believed that the specimens were naturally fractured. Their
consensus was No However when they asked where the specimens came from and were advised “N.E. Scotland” they all recanted!

One must, therefore ask ones self if there is some sort of “Taboo” over the finding anything of an Early Palaeolithic Scotland anywhere in Scotland?.

Our findings are significant enough in their own right; but to have excavated them from the bosom of a hidden soil horizon which was probably laid down over 2,000,000 years ago is taking us right back to an era
when some of the horizons found at Olduvai Gorge were being laid down!

In the light of what we have excavated from the Moss of Cruden, it appears that some past opinions regarding N E Scotland being devoid of early Palaeolithic artefacts are in need of a “good deal” of reviewing.

Some sceptics to our findings are either missing the point or choosing to ignore the fact that when we excavated that day on the Moss of Cruden the selection of the area to be investigated was based on Dr. E A Fitzpatrick’s work on “Hidden Soil Horizons”.I well remember asking Dr. Fitzpatrick where we should set the JCB and him guiding us to a very specific location where he said to me “We’ll go in here Jack!”.

The rest, as some might say; is history. None the less; I am not aware of any other situations, at least within the British Isles; where application of the science relating to hidden soil horizons has been utilised as a tool in the identification of an area worthy of archaeological investigation.

I am convinced that what we uncovered on the Moss of Cruden will allow us to bring Scotland’s heritage out of the neglect it has experienced over the past century or so and have it shown for what it really is i.e.

" A door to a better understanding of how the Human Race colonised Planet Earth"
.
Jack Sneddon.
07/07/11.

By alex lyne @ 20 October 2011 20:05
n

By Jack Sneddon @ 24 September 2012 13:28
AT LAST!
The official data we have been searching for to corroborate that the hidden soil horizons which we exposed were much much older than every one thought and that the artefacts we discovered in them may very well be very early palaeolithic!

Please read :-http://www.snh.gov.uk/docs/A337648.pdf

particularly "ZONE 9 NORTH EAST CENTRAL PLAIN "

Off now to try and raise some cash for
re-excavation and Soil Dating,

Bingo!

By Jack Sneddon @ 04 November 2012 19:12
palaeolithicscotland.blogspot.co.uk

Please new info also copied to above blog address!

By Jack Sneddon @ 30 December 2012 22:17
A couple of months ago I received notification that a Wind Powered Electrical Generation facility was to be considered for construction on or about our excavations on the Moss of Cruden.

This provided me with the "Quandary of quandaries"

What should come first? :-
1. The identification of the area in question being positively identified as the "Real time" location of "Earliest known human habitation of the British Islands by careful and devoted scientific investigation" which resulted from our findings.
or
2. The identification of the area in question being positively identified as the "Real time" location of "Earliest known human habitation of the British Islands without careful and devoted scientific investigation" which resulted from our findings.


A recent visit to the allegedly proposed site has shown much arboreal disturbance by major uprooting of trees along the road line. A non technically supported proposition would be that this had been caused by wind and lots of it.

As a Chartered Electrical Engineer I support the garnering and storing of electrical energy from all natural and economical sources however, I also support the fact that this cannot be done to the detriment of us possibly "Finding ourselves".

By Jack Sneddon @ 01 January 2013 22:04
To night I have been reviewing the list of free press contacts to whom I have made aware the importance of our findings on the moss of Cruden, These contacts include Archaeological Correspondents/Editors: at The Sunday Herald,
Telegraph, Daily Mail, The Herald, The Times, The Sunday Times, The BBC, The Guardian, the Independent the Press an Journal and a number of other major players charged with the bringing together and distribution of extremely important, real time; archaeological discoveries to the notice of their readers.

All of the informative data regarding our important discoveries on the moss of Cruden, which was communicated to all of above; appears to have fallen on barren editorial ground as regards publication. I find this quite sad.

I have recently revisited our excavations on the "Moss of Cruden" after receiving information that they may be being considered as sites for wind-powered generators,

Well, considering the condition which I found the lines of uprooted roadside trees in; I respectfully suggest that this is not a place for a wind farm, required to supply uninterrupted power into the national grid.

I am unaware if "The Press" are familiar with the recent scientific papers published regarding the geomorphology of Scotland. If they are not then I might be forgiven if believe that their fingers are not on the pulse!





By Jack Sneddon @ 16 January 2013 23:24
The time has come for me to register the utter disappointment which I find myself in with some of the most prominent archaeological professionals and "Press" outlets in our country and else where.

They certainly appear to have "Shut Up" about all of our findings; well they now have to "Put Up".

To be continued

By Jack Sneddon @ 29 January 2013 12:48
SHORES OF TWO EDENS
(copyright protected)


http://www.google.co.uk/url?sa=i&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&docid=ybwlbK2S-e-5rM&tbnid=6bEKl4G6l_P0bM:&ved=0CAgQjRwwAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fmembers.madasafish.com%2F~cj_whitehound%2FFanfic%2Fmap_of_Hogwarts%2Flocation.htm&ei=d-4GUZjhBcua0QWB4YHwCw&psig=AFQjCNE-zjeVYoIPk0QTh_02mM4BEcJKFg&ust=1359495159184568

The above http will direct you to a fundamental, geological; representation of , arguably; the two most important fault lines on our planet as regards a stage in the evolution toward you being you!

vis:- The Great Glen and The Highland Boundary.

In reconsidering the evidence from Anna Grayson (ref. press publication "Aberdeen Press and Journal" Aug. 12/8/97) there is,to my mind; no doubt that her findings lay down the first clue to where an important part of our sea to land migration took place. Our findings from the Moss of Cruden bear witness to a lot of evolutionary processes since that time which were probably contained, for a time; between The Great Glen and Highland boundaries.

To be continued,

By Jack Sneddon @ 04 February 2013 20:44
THE TWO SHORES OF AN EDEN?

Below I have taken the opportunity to delineate what I have called "The two shores of an Eden" superimposed on the excellent "Soils of Scotland"map as published in www.snh.gov.uk/docs/A337648.pdf (Please note that my delineation marks are only intended to show roughly the body of Scotland which lies between the Great Glen (red line) and Highland boundary (black line) and the soils which they contain.

To the south of the Highland boundary fault there is another fault line called the Southern Upland fault which probably indicates the later collision between what is now known as Scotland and England.

Within the black circle on the Soils Map there is contained an area of varying soil antiquities
- Within the Northern sector of the circle lie the sites where the first marine life crawled out of the sea to breath air! around where Elgin exists today (See Aberdeen Press and Journal article)
- In the centre of the circle lies the site of our Early Palaeolithic finds!
- Within the southern sector of the circle lies "The Rhynie Chert"!

All these facts bring pressure to bear on previously / currently accepted myths suggesting that NE Scotland is barren of any evidence of early Palaeolithic habitation associated with human cultures.

Indeed it appears to hold irrefutable evidence of it being a birth place of and cradle for evolution from at least 400,000,000 years as it travelled over the surface of our planet to arrive where it is today.

The land mass to the south of the southern upland fault has its own story to tell regarding its voyage over the planet's surface as it started out from a very different position.

By Jack Sneddon @ 04 March 2013 18:17
"Hunt on for Scotland's 'missing' 100,000 years of history"

A number of years ago an archaeological correspondent of a, then and still; well respected national newspaper wrote concerning the above.

That correspondent and others I hope by now have read issues raised by this blog and presented under my name on Online Archaeology.

Scotland has more than a missing 100,000 years of history!. Its probably missing nearer a 400 to 500 years absence of serious archaeological research!

I respectfully request that, should the correspondent's editor receive copy of this publication then they might ask their correspondent to recant.

By Jack Sneddon @ 18 March 2013 18:55

FRIDAY, 15 MARCH 2013

HAPISBURGH/CLACTON/MOSS OF CRUDEN
PALAEOLITHIC FINDINGS FROM CLACTON


Tonight I have reviewed my archive of findings retrieved, in the North; from the Moss of Cruden and in the South from Clacton on Sea.

A particular specimen, which I retrieved from the pebble beaches of Clacton on Sea about 25 years ago ; appears to have the same colour and consistency of the object picked up,out of the sands at Hapisburgh.

However, the object which I retrieved shows wear which can only have been the result of many years of work by a softer material.

It does, in essence; resemble an ancient pistol type grip which fits comfortably in ones right hand and shows wear that can only be associated with a right handed human being!.

The Hapisburgh flint appears to be the finished or almost finished article and found coming out of the sand!

Our finds from The Moss of Cruden carry evidence of them being of a much earlier culture than those which I found at Clacton and which were subsequently stumbled upon out of the sands at Hapisburgh!.

Watch this Space!














Posted by Jack Sneddon at 16:34 No comments:
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MONDAY, 11 MARCH 2013

COMMUNICATIONS WITH SOCIETY OF ANTIQUARIES OF SCOTLAND

COMMUNICATION TO SOCIETY OF ANTIQUARIES OF SCOTLAND

11/03/13

"Good Evening fellow forum members!

Please let me bring you up to date with what is happening regarding the professional respectability which "Palaeolithic Scotland" is now receiving and how my subsequent research into a region which I now call "Two Shores of Eden" are bringing into focus the uniqueness of not only Buchan but that whole area of Scotland which lies between the "Great Glen" and the "Highland Boundary" fault lines which are, to me; "Two Shores of an Eden".

The jewel in the crown of that region is Buchan as regards the Archaeological/Geological diversity it contains.

Unfortunately I cannot, for lack of technical ability or facilities of this site; transfer any pictorial information to this forum from my other information outlets but if you care to visit http://www.snh.gov.uk/docs/A337648.pdf (which I think you may already have received), palaeolithicscotland.blogspot.co.uk and (palaeolithic scotland) at "On line archaeology". You will be able to bring yourself right up to date.

Can anyone out there let me know how to introduce images on my posts?

If you can please let me know how to achieve this such that I can ensure that "Society of Antiquaries of Scotland" get to know what is happening out here as the story evolves.

The sounds of silence from nationally respected professionals and "Press"sources, who have kept up to date with everything we have found, written about and hypothesised upon should now by this time be feeling a bit abashed of themselves, unless of course; they don't want to know.

However, I have never met a Journalist who did not want to know! and I have met one or two.

I will try to keep you updated pictorially as well as literally on this site but I will need some help to do the pictorial bit, so; "who will help me"?

Oh! by the way the information being gathered from between the "Two Shores of Eden" might be quite Earth shattering, if you get my drift! "

By Jack Sneddon @ 18 March 2013 19:02
Update for Online Archaeology Followers.

HAPISBURGH/CLACTON/MOSS OF CRUDEN
PALAEOLITHIC FINDINGS FROM CLACTON


Tonight I have reviewed my archive of findings retrieved, in the North; from the Moss of Cruden and in the South from Clacton on Sea.

A particular specimen, which I retrieved from the pebble beaches of Clacton on Sea about 25 years ago ; appears to have the same colour and consistency of the object picked up,out of the sands at Hapisburgh.

However, the object which I retrieved shows wear which can only have been the result of many years of work by a softer material.

It does, in essence; resemble an ancient pistol type grip which fits comfortably in ones right hand and shows wear that can only be associated with a right handed human being!.

The Hapisburgh flint appears to be the finished or almost finished article and found coming out of the sand!

Our finds from The Moss of Cruden carry evidence of them being of a much earlier culture than those which I found at Clacton and which were subsequently stumbled upon out of the sands at Hapisburgh!.

Watch this Space!



By Jack Sneddon @ 03 April 2013 09:46
Extract From my Blog
"Two Shores of Eden" and "Two Fault Lines"
Tonight I have started into an investigation which is going to take a long time.

It will take me to places where a great ocean was once squeezed out of existence (The great Glen Fault) and to where, to the south of this; the sides of a great Rift valley once crashed hundreds of feet out of the water to eventually form the precipitous edge of the Highland boundary fault.

Chronologically speaking there were Aeons upon Aeons available after the above two boundaries were created to allow the process of evolution to quietly take place.

Findings from Elgin, Moss of Cruden, Rhynie and the recent, and extremely revealing; document concerning the Soils of Scotland (as previously acknowledged),are breaking new ground and knitting together quite well.

By Jack Sneddon @ 12 April 2013 10:51
From my blog

Thursday, 11 April 2013

TWO SHORES OF EDEN'S PLACE IN INFORMATION GATHERING REGARDING PLATE TECTONIC INVESTIGATION.

All of my current investigations as to how our "Geological Elders" are attempting to interpret the plate tectonics of our planet indicate that they are looking at the "Macro" rather than considering the "micro".

This is extremely important as they will accomplish nothing if they do not consider the relative movements of the Great Glen, Highland Boundary and Southern Upland faults.

Palaeolithic findings in Britain articles, which I have read in the past; have never ever brought such major geological, geomorphological influences even into consideration.

Why are they keeping it so quiet?

By Jack Sneddon @ 22 April 2013 23:36


SOMETHING TO DO WITH OROGENIES
Copy of communication to Society of Antiquaries of Scotland


Please refer to:-www.field-studies-council.org/fieldstudies/documents/vol5.2_137.pdf

This document covers most of the current land south of that as published in http://www.snh.gov.uk/docs/A337648.pdf.

Comparison of the two documents with one another suggests to me that the soils described in the former are much more ancient than those described in the latter.

Check it out, if you will.

The more I study and investigate past Published Archaeological conclusions regarding the "Palaeolithic in Britain" the more I see a lack of respect having been given to the advances of soil science information as regards "Palaeolithic Scotland" in particular.

This lack of respect appears to even flow out of our national press under tunnels of silence which they appear to afford.

Watch this space.

By Jack Sneddon @ 09 May 2013 22:28
Over the past few months I have more closely studied snh.gov.uk/docs/A337648.pdf. (as previously published).

Zone 9 of that document highlights the uniqueness of Zone 9 (The North-East Coastal Plain).

vis:-
1. The easternmost extension of the Dalriadian Supergroup. (this is very significant).

2. Fossil remains of the worlds oldest known complete terrestrial wetland ecosystem perfectly preserved in the Rhynie Chert.

3. The most extensive and best preserved "pre-glacial" landsurfaces in Scotland with associated inselbergs, deep weathering and cover deposits.

4. Classical landscape of limited glacial erosion

etc. etc.

Please check out snh.gov.uk/docs/A336748.pdf

if you ignore doing this, then; you will be missing out.

By Jack Sneddon @ 13 May 2013 22:58
TOPOGRAPHY OF SCOTLAND'S MAIN FAULT LINES

TOPOGRAPHY OF SCOTLAND'S MAIN FAULT LINES



The above presentation is a copy from one published in snh.gov.uk/docs/A33764848.pdf.

It shows not only the "Two shores of Eden", as prefaced in my previous Blogs; but also The Solway Line (suture of the Lapetus Ocean) . This was the Ocean which was squeezed out of existence with the collision between what is now known as Scotland and what is now known as England and is seminal to the proposition that Scotland has a unique, yet neglected; contribution to make as regards the story which she holds.
However, as it ever does; the worm is definitely turning!
Right now I cannot see where past conclusions, made due to findings from, the mud flats of "Swanscome", the beaches of "Boxgrove" and from the sands of "Happisburgh"; properly fit in with the real palaeolithic story of the British Isles!

By Jack Sneddon @ 22 May 2013 22:28
Copy from my Blog :-

THE MOSS OF CRUDEN and ITS PLACE IN THE CENOZOIC / CAINOZOIC ERA
It seems that as recently as 10 years ago a major re-identification of the "Eras" was called for and has since been adopted.

Enter:- "THE CENOZOIC / CAINOZOIC".

Please ref. below:-
Merritt, J.W., Auton, C.A., Connell, E.R., Hall, A.M. and Peacock, J.D. 2003. Cainozoic geology and landscape evolution of north-east Scotland. Memoir of the British Geological Survey, Sheets 66E, 67, 76E, 77, 86E, 87W, 87E, 95, 96W, 96E and 97 (Scotland).

Things are becoming a bit clearer don't you think?

I will follow up soon with further information.

By Jack Sneddon @ 27 May 2013 08:34
NEW EVIDENCE
Tonight I searched through all that I could find on the net and elsewhere regarding the distribution of any serious effort over the past 200 years or so regarding the published; investigative evaluation of Scotland's prehistory and its contribution to the advancement of its Archaeological birthright.

I fear that certain past conclusions are well in error and, given our findings from the moss of Cruden are in need of "SOME REAPPRAISAL"

Our conclusions,based upon our findings from our investigations on the moss of cruden; when now taken in conjunction with important geological /geomorphological papers/documents which have become available within the past 2 or 3 years;are about to be vindicated I feel'

I am receiving some very respected opinions.

How long that will take, due to the completely unnecessarily imposed inertia of "Past Hypotheses";I know not.

By Jack Sneddon @ 01 June 2013 16:27
CONTACT WITH "THE INDEPENDENT" Newspaper (again)
The following non confidential e-mail was sent to The Independent " news paper


URGENT



Good Evening Mr. Keys,

If you did not received my previous e-mail communications to you nor visited articles on the net vis Palaeolithic Scotland, Palaeolithic Scotland Today,socantscot.org/forum.asp, two shores of eden, etc please do me the courtesy of letting me know.

Otherwise please refer to them and study them closely.

As a member of The Smithsonian I am now going, Academically; Global.

I will publish this e-mail on my other www outlets as it is by no means confidential and copy to the other press outlets which I am in contact with.

Kind Regards,

Jack Sneddon.

By Jack Sneddon @ 06 June 2013 18:35
Courtesy Copy from my BLOG

GENESIS?
Our findings from the moss of cruden when taken into consideration with their close proximity to and between the "Elgin" fossils and the "Rhynie Chert" begs the question.

"Why have the above associations never ever been observed and published before now"?

Well they have been published now!

By Jack Sneddon @ 06 June 2013 22:32
Courtesy copy of my Blog

Thursday, 6 June 2013

"Cainozoic geology and landscape evolution of north-east Scotland"
Today I received my copy of above document purchased from the British Geological Survey (Natural Environmental Research Council)

If I, as an amateur; am interpreting their respected professional opinions correctly then during the past major glaciations of what is now known as the UK there was an "Ice Free Enclave" in what is now known as Buchan!.

I rest our case.

Watch this space!

By Jack Sneddon @ 14 June 2013 21:47
FURTHER EVIDENCE! (COURTESY OF SCOTTISH JOURNAL OF GEOLOGY)
A concealed Lower Cretaceous outlier at Moss of Cruden, Grampian Region
A. M. Hall1,2 and J. Jarvis2
+Author Affiliations
1Department of Geography, University of Edinburgh, Drummond Street, Edinburgh EH8 9XP
2Department of Geography and Geology, University of St. Andrews, St. Andrews KY16 9ST
Synopsis

Recent excavations at Moss of Cruden, Grampian Region, show that Lower Cretaceous sedimentary rocks pass beneath the margin of the Tertiary Buchan Ridge Gravels and are intensely weathered. These findings indicate that previous interpretations of these rocks as a glacially-transported erratic mass or masses were incorrect and that they are probably in situ. The rocks include fine-grained, glauconitic quartz-arenites with pollen of Late Hauterivian-early Barremian age. Overlying flint gravels demonstrate the presence of a former Cretaceous chalk cover and helped the preservation of this small outlier.

By Jack Sneddon @ 28 June 2013 21:21
COPY of article for Wikipedia amendment.

See WIKI article

However recent excavations on the Moss of Cruden (c. 1995 to date), where specific areas of the Moss were targeted for excavation based upon state of the art "Soil Science" investigative processes; have revealed 4 hidden soil horizons of excellent preservation where Artefacts showing evidence of human modification were retrieved. The soil horizons are expected to be dated to c. 2M yrs ago!.
It is noted that the only physical evidence of early palaeolithic "Human" presence found on these islands are a leg bone and a couple of teeth from Boxgrove (visited by Jack Sneddon). Boxgrove and The Moss of Cruden were then basking in the idyllic climate of the great interglacial! To presume that there was a Mediterranean climate at Boxgrove and ice sheets on the Moss of Cruden at the same time is a bit far fetched.

If '''they''' were at Boxgrove then '''they'''were on the moss of Cruden at the same time.

(to be continued).

By Jack Sneddon @ 04 July 2013 21:13
Copy of article to my blog.

"Cainozoic geology and landscape evolution of north-east Scotland" (British Geological Survey)
THE MOSS OF CRUDEN


The moss of Cruden is referred to on many occasions in the above, well presented; BGS study.

The suggested toings and froings of the various ice sheets shown in this excellent publication is to be seen to be believed!

For my own amateur investigations I have attempted to refer the location of our findings to suggested "Ice Free Enclaves" as found in the survey and believe that I have made a match.

To those of you who are interested in this subject the BGS publication is well worthy of a review.

The "ScARF" project carried out by Society of Antiquaries of Scotland offers alternative reading on this fascinating and unique area of what is now known as "The Moss of Cruden".

To be continued.

By Jack Sneddon @ 26 August 2013 22:24
Sorry that I have been quiet for the past few weeks. I have been trying to equate certain information obtained from the media anent current professed understanding of "Tectonic Mechanics" with the relative situations of:- The Rhynie Chert: The Moss of Cruden findings and; the most ancient of amphibian fossils to be found near Elgin.

The current TV series' I believe are trying to present the Macrocosmic "Big Picture".

Our findings are getting down to the finer details insofar as to how and when and where and why life on our planet gained the ability to exploit control on its surroundings which allowed it to come from "The Rhynie Chert, via the "Elgin amphibians" to "Our Moss of Cruden" findings in such a relatively microcosmic arena.

Watch this space!





Why is so much

By Jack Sneddon @ 05 September 2013 21:58
Copy of Post Sent to Scarf (Self explanatory)

To all of you out there who made 11,500 hits on Palaeolithic Scotland I apologise to you from the person who apologised to me for deleting it by mistake!

However all is not lost as reference to Palaeolithic Scotland, Two shores of Eden,or indeed; Jack Sneddon on the www will back up all of the historical information which you have recently lost from Scarf forum.

What is in fact emerging from our original findings on the moss of Cruden is an extremely important and so far unique conglomeration of exposed terrains found within what I call "Two Shores of Eden".

To find such a,relatively; massive geomorphological/anthropological ghetto bounded by the great glen and highland fault lines is earth shattering!

At least the accidental culling of Palaeolithic Scotland from Scarf has moved out of the DIY K; Archaeology?

Watch this space.

By Jack Sneddon @ 17 September 2013 23:05
21:10 17/09/13

Tonight I have reviewed my past 20 years or so of dialogue with "Establishment" archaeologists and others regarding our findings from the moss of Cruden.

It is evident, to myself and others; that our interpretation of what we have found on the moss of Cruden is "Rocking the Boat" regarding past papers,from others; questioning the authenticity of Scotland having had an early, perhaps one of the earliest; palaeolithic colonies to have been established on our planet.

There is no doubt that our findings on the moss of Cruden are upsetting a whole lot of past theories and I am not sorry about that.

The theme of those past theories have patently ignored the power of Soil Science as a tool in their armoury.

I dedicate this communication in honour of The Author of:- "Man the Tool Maker"

watch this space









By Jack Sneddon @ 18 September 2013 21:28
Copy of Article to my Blog.

BURNT ROOT CASTES FOUND IN SOIL BENEATH THE ARTIFACTS

"THE ANSWERS LIE IN THE SOILS!"
att. Bernard Miles "Nathaniel Titlark"

UNIQUE ARRANGEMENT OF THE HIDDEN HORIZONS.


EVIDENCE OF BURNT ROOT CASTES IN "MOTHER" HORIZON

During our survey of the exposed Horizons it was noticed that there was evidence of ,what appeared to be the roots of trees. Some archaeologists who saw the samples taken from the Horizon considered that they were from the "Oak" genre and had experienced fire!. It is interesting to note that there were no such castes found above the "Mother" horizon! Are you coming to the same conclusions as us?
More to follow!

Watch this space.

By Jack Sneddon @ 25 September 2013 18:00
Copy of article to my Blog FYI
"Enjoy"

Wednesday, 25 September 2013

"Oh! BY THE WAY"


In my previous posts I have not mentioned the remains of a ploughshare which I retrieved from the relatively modern, c. 4-5 K? ; "Top Soil" of our excavated area. It is iron and now exists as what can only be described as layers of stratified FeO2. It also shows signs of having had fastenings provided via square headed nuts and bolts so it should not be difficult for an expert in such matters to provide a rough date of manufacture.

When I came across the plough blade my heart went out to the "farmer"of some four or five hundred? years ago who tried hard to cultivate his land, and failed; only to leave his last plough at the place where it succumbed to the horrendously aggressive demands of what was then his/her topsoil.

Please view recently posted photographs and give particular attention to the top two horizons. The ploughshare was retrieved from their interface!

By Jack Sneddon @ 04 October 2013 18:26
COPY of e-mail to Press and "Major" Archaeologists.

Dear all,

It is my understanding that you are aware of all of my publications on the www under the titles of "Palaeolithic Scotland" et al regarding our findings on the moss of cruden.

I have long been wondering about the lack of responses,either supportive or otherwise; regarding our findings.

Tonight I went through all of my past publications and asked myself this question, "Given the current political void that our little island (UK) finds itself in at the moment, what would be the outcome of one providing evidence for a Palaeolithic Scotland?

My conclusion is "It would not be welcomed" overall!

This conclusion is being strengthened by your lack of response to my prior communications with you.

Our findings on the Moss of Cruden go far beyond anything of a political bias and would I hope that you agree on this point!.

In case you have not read it, my "Two Shores of an Eden" article brings current TV articles on, global; plate tectonics into some sort of perspective.

There is evidence of a concentration of explosive evolution to be found between, to the North; the great glen fault and to the South; the Highland boundary fault.

Not even at Boxgrove nor at Happisburgh does such an agglomeration of evidence for early palaeolithic habitation of our islands exist!

I will be publishing this communication on the www.

Kind Regards,

Jack Sneddon.

By Jack Sneddon @ 09 November 2013 22:07
copy of post on Blogspot

FOCUS on TWO SHORES of EDEN

I have assessed most of the literature on the net regarding plate tectonics and find them to represent the start of something special in our quest in trying to find out "Why?" and "How?" it all happened, Perhaps the "How?" should be addressed before we even start ask ourselves "Why?" (interpretations of recent revelations from tests carried out with the Large Hadron Collider will, surely; eventually take us there).

What I have identified, in my amateur Geological and Archaeological investigations; is that the relatively tiny land mass which currently resides between the Great Glen fault and The Highland boundary fault contains the most diverse of Palaeontological and Archaeological evidences of prehistories as is to be found anywhere else in the world!

It is indeed between the "Two shores of an Eden".

I leave this post with a simple question; why has this not been identified before now by people who are paid by the public and from elsewhere to do just that?

I'll be back!

By Jack Sneddon @ 04 December 2013 22:42
"PALAEOLITHIC SCOTLAND"

The more I consider "published" results of current "Academic" investigations into the prehistory of my country the more I will call those results into question.

Please look to "Two Shores of Eden"


By Jack Sneddon @ 23 December 2013 22:40
Palaeolithic Scotland

The more I consider currently "published" results of current "Academic" investigations into the prehistory of my country the more I will call those results into question regarding their apparent neglect of something which "tectonically" speaking might be staring them in their faces. .

Please look to "Two Shores of Eden" and "Palaeolithic Scotland", consider and let me know how you think that such a small land mass can contain such a big slice of the history of the evolution of our species "let alone our planet" and lie but two spade depths beneath the topsoil!

If there is anyone out there who can identify anywhere else like this on our planet then please get back to me by return.

I will be publishing this post on "Palaeolithic Scotland" out of courtesy.

By Jack Sneddon @ 27 December 2013 20:16
FAST FORWARD TO THE PAST!

It has taken a long time but!

STATEMENT!

The analyses of our findings from the moss of Cruden and the "spin-offs" which have followed e.g. "Palaeolithic Scotland","Two Shores of an Eden". have never, ever been challenged!

This is quite sad,so:-
I call on all of you, professors, doctors, Press correspondents, rank and file and amateur archaeologists who I have previously contacted to rebut my following, categoric; statement that :-

" The small land mass which currently exists between the great glen and the highland boundary fault lines has never been seriously considered as a source of information regarding the metamorphosis of our planet, both geologically and anthropologically.

"WHY NOT?"

Oh it may be on their future TV series or academic agenda but they will not be able to claim the the identification of the importance of the "Moss of Cruden"

That lies with Dr. EA Fitzpatrick et al.













By Jack Sneddon @ 21 March 2014 21:38
EMERGING EVIDENCE FOR A PALAEOLITHIC SCOTLAND.

I have been studying two Recent papers:-
1. Cainozoic geology and landscape evolution of north-east Scotland.
2. Palaeolithic and Mesolithic Scotland : Scarf Panel
Report.

In the Scarf report I can find no reference to the important British Geological Society information given in report 1, regarding the ancient geological formation of the Scottish landscape which might suggest that our finds from the moss of Cruden are both unique and are a stepping stone in the stream which seems to be dividing two shores ie:-
Intellectual Archaeology and Practical Geology.





By Jack Sneddon @ 22 March 2014 23:00
Please find below copy of a, non confidential information Bulletin sent to socantscot.

Dear all,

There really is something out there!.

Watch this space and read the two publications mentioned below, for your own good.
It is indeed unfortunate that my previous 11,000 hits were erased by "The Society" as they may have opened up a window in your minds.

EMERGING EVIDENCE FOR A PALAEOLITHIC SCOTLAND.

I have been studying two Recent papers:-
1. Cainozoic geology and landscape evolution of north-east Scotland.
2. Palaeolithic and Mesolithic Scotland : Scarf Panel Report.

In the Scarf report I can find no reference to the important British Geological Society information given in report 1, regarding the ancient geological formation of the Scottish landscape which might suggest that our finds from the moss of Cruden are both unique and are a stepping stone in the stream which seems to be dividing two shores ie:-
Intellectual Archaeology and Practical Geology.

By Jack Sneddon @ 17 April 2014 23:05
THE GRAND NEGLECT

The conclusions derived by some of our professionals, regarding how our species evolved and populated our planet have been "Weighed and Found Wanting".

Nowhere in, published; Archaeological annals can I find any serious national effort having been made to tie up the archaeological findings on the moss of Cruden with the geomorphology of the area!

This is, to my mind; a travesty of the first order.

If there is anyone out there who can put their hand on their heart and say that they never considered such a link please get back to me quickly and I will start my application for some recognition as being the first.


By Jack Sneddon @ 04 May 2014 21:18
WHAT IF!

I hope to be publishing soon on responses from letters which I will be sending to:- Our Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Minister, Leader of the Opposition and Scotland's First Minister.

The gist of the letter will embody all published articles on "Palaeolithic Scotland" and their apparent neglect by some "Professional" archaeologists who have been aware of our findings from the moss of cruden for 20 odd years.

Happisburgh and Boxgrove findings would appear to post date our findings on the Moss of Cruden by about 1,000,000 years.

If we confirm this amazingly probable situation within the next few weeks, how would evidence of Scotland being inhabited, by what can be established as having been human beings; perhaps 1/2 a Million years or more prior to the colonisation of the southern extremities of our, now established Great Britain; have a sway in the argument FOR an independent Scotland?

By Jack Sneddon @ 31 May 2014 21:19
Attached please find as promised in my previous post.

Copies also sent to Scottish First Minister and Leader of the Opposition.

Vis:-

The Prime Minister John L Sneddon
Hon. David Cameron MP 9, Dunvegan Drive
10 Downing Street Stirling
West Minster FK9 5HG
London
SW1A 2AA

Dear Prime Minister,
I shall be brief but cover probably c. 2M years and more of our great nation’s contribution to the spread of our species over our planet.
This has sadly been ignored or neglected by a very large majority of our country’s most senior Archaeological cadre.
For more than 20 years others and I have been in contact with some of the highest archaeological academics in our country discussing the amazing finds we made on the “Moss of Cruden” and by others in Buchan and elsewhere in NE Scotland.
All of the Documentation of our finds from the “Moss of Cruden” can be found on the “net” under:-
• Palaeolithic Scotland.
• Two Shores of Eden.
It appears that a dearth of investigation, over the past 200 odd years; has been accorded to important geomorphological, soil science, unnaturally modified flint artefacts and extremely important amphibian fossils; all of which reside between “The Great Glen” and “Highland Boundary” faults.
In the interest of our planet’s future I truly believe that these alleged oversights should be scrutinised.
Please respond,

Yours Sincerely,

John L Sneddon.

By Jack Sneddon @ 31 May 2014 21:26
APOLOGIES!!

Last post got my address and the Prime-minister's linked! This is an obvious glitch in my word transfer facility.

The main text, however; stands !

By Jack Sneddon @ 31 May 2014 21:30
The Prime Minister
Hon. David Cameron MP
10 Downing Street
West Minster
London
SW1A 2AA

Dear Prime Minister,
I shall be brief but cover probably c. 2M years and more of our great nation’s contribution to the spread of our species over our planet.
This has sadly been ignored or neglected by a very large majority of our country’s most senior Archaeological cadre.
For more than 20 years others and I have been in contact with some of the highest archaeological academics in our country discussing the amazing finds we made on the “Moss of Cruden” and by others in Buchan and elsewhere in NE Scotland.
All of the Documentation of our finds from the “Moss of Cruden” can be found on the “net” under:-
• Palaeolithic Scotland.
• Two Shores of Eden.
It appears that a dearth of investigation, over the past 200 odd years; has been accorded to important geomorphological, soil science, unnaturally modified flint artefacts and extremely important amphibian fossils; all of which reside between “The Great Glen” and “Highland Boundary” faults.
In the interest of our planet’s future I truly believe that these alleged oversights should be scrutinised.
Please respond,

Yours Sincerely,

John L Sneddon.

By Jack Sneddon @ 21 June 2014 19:40
Copy From Blog.

Friday, 20 June 2014

PALAEOLITHIC SCOTLAND and ITS CONTRIBUTION TO PROBABLE "SAFE FRACKING"
Dear All

As, I believe to be, a respected engineer in the oil/gas Industry and an amateur archaeologist I have studied over the past three years, or so; the pros and cons for fracking and have identified Scotland, due to its geological and geomorphological situation on our planet to provide one of the most benign regions on our planet for the exploitation of Fracking.

The main reason is the closeness of the of the target areas to the surface:-

This gives tremendous relief to any new technologies which

1. No need for excessive overland transport of water.
2. Capability of in-line PD Omnidyne being placed at appropriate distance from targeted fissure level.
3. Minimal use of chemicals.
4. Etc;

I will be publishing above pointers on my "Palaeolithic Scotland" articles on the internet as it was through these investigations, by myself and others, which allowed us to come to the above conclusions.

I have been privileged to serve!

Jack Sneddon.

By Jack Sneddon @ 17 September 2014 22:48
QUANDARY ON THE EVE OF VOTE FOR A DEVOLVED SCOTLAND

"HOW DID WE POPULATE OUR ISLANDS?"

Academic reaction to our findings from the moss of Cruden and elsewhere in NE Scotland appears to suggest that there has been a great lack of, serious; consideration given to the probability that the inhabitants of what is now known as Scotland 500,000 years ago were any different to those who existed in what is now known as England 500,000 years ago!

However it does appear that our past and current information, gathered from study of the shores of the two rifts of the Great Glen and the Highland Boundary fault; is being, unacceptably; neglected by some "Media" Archaeologists and Archaeological Professionals' press who I have contacted.



There is therefore strong

If









By Jack Sneddon @ 17 September 2014 22:48
QUANDARY ON THE EVE OF VOTE FOR A DEVOLVED SCOTLAND

"HOW DID WE POPULATE OUR ISLANDS?"

Academic reaction to our findings from the moss of Cruden and elsewhere in NE Scotland appears to suggest that there has been a great lack of, serious; consideration given to the probability that the inhabitants of what is now known as Scotland 500,000 years ago were any different to those who existed in what is now known as England 500,000 years ago!

However it does appear that our past and current information, gathered from study of the shores of the two rifts of the Great Glen and the Highland Boundary fault; is being, unacceptably; neglected by some "Media" Archaeologists and Archaeological Professionals' press who I have contacted.



There is therefore strong

If









By Jack Sneddon @ 27 December 2014 23:08
Since my previous contributions to on-line archaeology I have been taking time to review all of the artefacts which were recovered from
Dr.E.A Fitzpatrick's revealing excavations on the Moss of Cruden.
In the new Year (2015) I will publish the photograph of a stone age implement retrieved from the moss of Cruden which appears to have been manufactured from a vitrified piece of rock/stone. This implement was discovered when I was working solo.
I was going to send it to the B.M. a few years ago but due to their, then; perceived and unadulterated non acceptance of there ever having been a culturally based Palaeolithic Scotland; I chose not to do so.

Watch this space

By Jack Sneddon @ 11 January 2015 22:21
Happy New Year for 2015 to all at Online Archaeology!

Sorry for not getting back sooner but I have been back checking all of my experiences at Boxgrove with our findings from the moss of Cruden. There is an interesting anomaly which exists at both sites!

As we move, roughly; inland from "Beach" Boxgrove there is a great "dump" of flint material which I never got an explanation for when I was assisting, as an amateur; and asked the questions why? and how?!

Well, as coincidence might have it; the first time I experienced a phenomenon like this was on the "Moss of Cruden" about 4 or 5 years earlier where a great dump of flint nodules, both virgin and worked; protected our site at "Weewindae" as I called it then
(and still do) which lies in a very special basin in the Buchan countryside. The "Heap" at Boxgrove was insignificant when compared to the "Heap" at "Weewindae". There is a substatiatable conundrum forming in my mind as to the relationship of these two "Dumps" and the Palaeolithic finds which they protected and I believe that two of the most important substances which will lay this conundrum to rest are Chalk and Sand which proliferate the Boxgrove sites yet are absent on "The Moss of Cruden"
This communication will be published on Blogspot.




By Jack Sneddon @ 11 February 2015 23:26
IMPORTANT!

Copy FYI.

Will keep you updated!
Dear All,

Please refer to the "net"regarding "Gillies Hill"

This is an "Emergency"

Allegedly, if quarrying proceeds;an inestimable amount of important information regarding the evolution of our species might wind up as "Gravel"!

I feel it important that I advise you of this.







Dear "no-reply@change.org"

Please respond to my previous e-mail communication to you, by return!

vis:-

The significance of the "Defacing" of Gillies hill as regards its place in our "Island's" (UK) heritage and the probable destruction of priceless Geomorphological information, Flora and Fauna and, not least of all; the Hidden Place of Bruce's reserves "The Sma' Folk"??? should not be treated lightly.

"The Sma' Folk"? well they were indeed pledged to a life of piety and endurance but there is no doubt that the pride of English chivalry would have fled from such a "Rag Tag and Bobtail" as has been described, so far.

Oh! there was, perhaps a "force" hidden at Gillies Hill, probably 700 or so, "All on Foot" however, their flag appears to have been the "Beauseant" (Black on White") and not "Rag a Muffin"'
sheet!

Please contact me for any other information you might need for clarification.

Jack Sneddon.




Dear All,

Please refer to the "net"regarding "Gillies Hill"

This is an "Emergency"

Allegedly, if quarrying proceeds;an inestimable amount of important information regarding the evolution of our species might wind up as "Gravel"!

I feel it important that I advise you of this.







Dear "no-reply@change.org"

Please respond to my previous e-mail communication to you, by return!

vis:-

The significance of the "Defacing" of Gillies hill as regards its place in our "Island's" (UK) heritage and the probable destruction of priceless Geomorphological information, Flora and Fauna and, not least of all; the Hidden Place of Bruce's reserves "The Sma' Folk"??? should not be treated lightly.

"The Sma' Folk"? well they were indeed pledged to a life of piety and endurance but there is no doubt that the pride of English chivalry would have fled from such a "Rag Tag and Bobtail" as has been described, so far.

Oh! there was, perhaps a "force" hidden at Gillies Hill, probably 700 or so, "All on Foot" however, their flag appears to have been the "Beauseant" (Black on White") and not "Rag a Muffin"'
sheet!

Please contact me for any other information you might need for clarification.

Jack Sneddon.

By Jack Sneddon @ 03 April 2015 23:39
Dear all, it appears that some sort of interference is not allowing me to communicate with online archaeology! If you wish to keep up to date with "Palaeolithic Scotland" then you should do it through blogspot. Sorry about this inconvenience. If you do switch to blogspot you will find, among other things why it would be physically impossible for dozens of, particularly; stag antlers could not be forced into the back of cave by fluvial means as a currently eminent archaeologist suggested some time ago. Perhaps he may reconsider given our findings from the moss of cruden.

With this space!

By Jack Sneddon @ 14 April 2015 21:37
Please forgive me for posting my previous comment as I have just noticed a fundamental error in my grammar!

So! I will clarify the situation regarding "Down Slope Fluvial activity pushing numerous Stag Antlers to the back of a dead ended cave".

To be specific and addressing all of the laws of fluid dynamics which I and others, somewhat more skilled in the art than myself are concerned; then any down hill flood which pushed numerous Antlers into the back of any cave should have been impossible to happen! Any one who has had the privilege of visiting Mar Lodge, as I have; will have noticed the Antler trophies which adorn the walls of the halls. Alas there is no evidence of fluvial activity having deposited them there! Perhaps we have not changed as a species very much since our ancestors brought their trophies to what was their then Halls!

Will copy this text to my blog out of courtesy.

By Jack Sneddon @ 18 April 2015 23:03
"SCOTLAND's PLACE AT THE ALTAR OF PALAEOLITHIC HABITATION OF OUR PLANET"

Recent references which I have made to the publications of a highly respected Scottish Society have renewed my faith in human nature!
It appears that recent geomorphological investigations have provided enough information to suggest that the society might be sliding the cursor back on their previously interpreted time scale for the palaeolithic habitation of N E Scotland!
Howfar back they might wish to go will depend on how much credence they give to alternative information from other academic bodies/ personages/amateurs!


I





I have made to updated information published by a respected Scottish Society

a
te publications from certain academic institutions' updated opinions regarding

By Jack Sneddon @ 13 May 2015 21:49
Dear All,

Having difficulty in publishing important "Press Cuttings" and information on this site. This is probably due to my not very talented "Computer Skills".

Until I can get this sorted out you can keep up to date via Blogspot, if you wish.


By Jack Sneddon @ 13 May 2015 22:08
Oh! by the way,

Further to my previous comment, I am in the process of creating a Wikipedia article on what I consider to be an enlightening interpretation, drawn from personal experiences and endeavours in the company of some very respected professionals.

Palaeolithic Scotland?

Well, I believe that what we found on the moss of Cruden, in the grand scheme of things; is about to:-
"Enter Stage Right; Running"! as a bard once wrote.

By Jack Sneddon @ 12 July 2015 23:16
THE IMPORTANCE OF ASSYNT GEOMORPHOLOGY IN ESTABLISHING UNEQUIVOCAL PROOF FOR AN INDIGENOUS PALAEOLITHIC RACE OF HOMO SAPIENS IN WHAT IS NOW KNOWN AS NE SCOTLAND!

Dear all I am now pulling the GEOMORPHOLOGY and PALAEOLITHIC findings from our sites in NE SCOTLAND together!

The GEOMORPHOLOGY of ASSYNT, RHYNIE, and our excavated sites will feature as a unified declaration.

This will take some time for myself as an amateur to establish but I'm on the case!

I have started into an official paper to various academic institutions regarding this fascinating conjunction of tectonics, and geomorphology which support our findings as being truely PALAEOLITHIC!











By Jack Sneddon @ 13 July 2015 21:36
Tonight I have discovered "Scotland: The Creation of its Natural Landscape" a BGS publication co-authored by Alan McKirdy and Roger Crofts. It is a seminal piece of work. It has inspired me for two reasons:-
1. I now understand why the Rhynie Chert is only about 3ft under topsoil but is reckoned to be about 400 odd million years old!!!
2. Its chronological birthday date is at about the same time as "The Assynt event", as I call it; of about 410 Million years ago!

For the record, a number of years ago I was invited by an extremely knowledgeable and respected MD who resided in the village and had heard of our exploits on the Moss of Cruden; to attend one of the very, very occasional exhumations of "The Rhynie Chert"
Anyone who knows anything at all about the "Chert" will know what an honour this was to me.
However, it was not to be as I was needed elsewhere on the planet to earn my living on that date!
Watch This Space.

By Jack Sneddon @ 14 August 2015 21:53
PALAEOLITHIC, MESOLITHIC AND NEOLITHIC BUCHAN!

I have been reviewing all of our excavation findings from Buchan, over the past 20 years or so; to find that I have been being very blinkered! Buchan not only holds evidence of Palaeolithic habitation but also Mesolithic and Neolithic! I have reviewed most of published papers that I can find but all have been done in isolation and missed the very important fact relating to the "Unique" information provided by Buchan regarding the diversity of archaeological and geological information which she is trying to show us.

I have searched hard but cannot find such a diversity of Geomorphological and linked Archaeological findings anywhere else on our planet!

In Buchan you can:-
1. Visit sites of 400,000,000 years ago.
2. Stand on the very surface where marine life struggled on to the land to kick the whole human race off.
3.Touch Palaeolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic artefacts from various sites within 5 or 6 miles of one another!

Some time ago I visited Aberdeen University and requested to see Rev. Patey's collection of artefacts retrieved from the banks and else where on the River Ythan near Ellon. I was advised that they were no longer with the University?! Recent published information appears to show that they are now back in circulation?!
It is important that I view them as my findings from "The Mains of Waterton" (Ellon) show evidence of both Neolithic and Mesolithic habitation!
I will provide photographs of these findings asap as I need to get a better camera.

Watch this space.

I will also be publishing this article on my Blogspot site.






By Jack Sneddon @ 21 August 2015 23:49
Watch this space!

I have been reviewing all my fossil collection gathered whilst discovering, with others, PALAEOLITHIC SCOTLAND.

I have in my collection three echinoid fossils!

The latest, retrieved by my self just offshore from a beautiful Caribbean island, The next earliest was petrified and found along with a petrified root of some sort of seaweed plant near Camberley. However the jewel in the crown of PALAEOLITHIC SCOTLAND is the "Unnaturally" modified Echinoid retrieved from our site on the Moss of Cruden!
This Echinoid was presented to respected archaeological experts who agreed that it had been indeed, unnaturally modified! Once I get a decent camera I will post photographs of it but I doubt if the British Museum might not already have such images as the unnaturally modified Echinoid was in their position for some time.



By Jack Sneddon @ 23 August 2015 23:25
Errata. In previous publication!

The unatturally modified Echinoid fossil was in the possession of the British Museum and not position as published...

By Jack Sneddon @ 27 August 2015 23:19
Two Shores of Eden and "The Dalradian Supergroup"

The Dalradian Supergroup which lies between the Great Glen Fault and the Highland Boundary Fault, does indeed lie within "Two Shores of a Eden"

The land mass between the Great Glen Fault and the Highland Boundary Fault obtained two new neighbours a few million years ago I believe.

Don't yet know which neighbour came first but will find out. Irrespective of this it appears that evidence is showing that something most ancient was happening, biologically; between the "Two Shores of an Eden!



By Jack Sneddon @ 28 August 2015 22:26
Since and further to my article/blog "Two Shores of Eden" I have been researching relative positions and groupings of Ancient land masses on our planet,

The "Dalradian Super Group" of rocks apparently lies within the boundaries of the "Great Glen" and "Highland Boundary" faults.

The "Dalradian Super Group" contains, as far as I understand; the oldest group of exposed "Geology" on our planet (400,000,000 to 450,000,000 yrs old).

This is seminal to the development of an inhabited Palaeolithic Scotland when taken into context with the following:-
1, Rhynie Chert:- Ancient Swamp/ Marsh Land.!
2. Elgin Area:- First Amphibians coming ashore,!
3. Moss of Cruden:- Palaeolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic artefacts recovered!
4. Ellon:- Dr. D W Patey, J.L.Sneddon, etal; Mesolithic, Neolithic and probably,Palaeolithic findings.

There is not such a diversity of human evolution to be found in such close proximity with one another any where on our Planet!

They lie exposed or relatively close to the surface.!

The late Palaeolithic artefacts which turned up south of the Highland boundary fault, are; perhaps from land which evolved from a different place!

(I will copy this blog to my Online Archaeology website for Publication)

By Jack Sneddon @ 27 October 2015 22:26
This is a Good Morning Call to:-

Nicholas Ashton, Sean Coughlan, Martin Wainwright, David Keys and Richard Alleyne, et all

Gentlemen?

I am about to publish the contents of the communication which you received by e-mail 07/07/11.

Unfortunately you did not have the courtesy to reply.

Hope you have kept it in your pending file as the worm is turning! if you have not noticed.

If you do not have a copy of said communication please let me know immediately!.

Copy of this communication will be posted on my alternative web outlet for "Palaeolithic Scotland".

Sincerely Yours,

John L Sneddon.





By Jack Sneddon @ 13 December 2015 18:24
GREAT GLEN AND HIGHLAND BOUNDARY FAULTS
I have spent many hours captivated by certain TV series' on how our planet evolved once its constituents coalesced after the "Big Bang".

However!, the presenters/authors on the geological, history; of the evolution of our planet never seem to bring into focus the importance of the Great Glen and Highland boundary faults!

These twin faults are the most ancient fault lines on our planet and are close to one another!

Between them they hold captive the greatest diversity of evidence of human evolution within their boundaries to be found anywhere else on our planet!,

Watch this space!

By Jack Sneddon @ 20 February 2016 23:14
PLEASE FAST FORWARD TO THE BRONZE AGE IN ANCIENT BRITAIN FOR A MOMENT!
For this Blog I would like to concentrate for a moment on what appears to have been a cataclysmic and sudden rejection of the use of Bronze in the British Islands, and perhaps elsewhere; prior to their apparent leap into the Iron age.

Published documents reveal a mass rejection of copper/bronze for use as weapons and cooking utensils taking place around the 7bc or 8bc mark.

Hoards of copper/bronze utensils, tools, shields, arms etc from these dates have been found in rivers, buried in fields, in woods and some still remain undiscovered.

Why such a sudden and unambiguous rejection of such a source of livelihood?

Perhaps one solution to this conundrum is that this source of livelihood was intrinsically poisonous to them and they did not know that beforehand!

"It gets curiouser and curiouser"
(Alice in Wonderland Lewis Carroll)

I will copy this to my online archaeology post.

By Jack Sneddon @ 07 June 2016 00:05
Have been reviewing all of my previous posts and other publications regarding PALAEOLITHIC SCOTLAND. It looks like there has been some ignorance accorded,in the past, to the works of Dr.E A Fitzpatrick . Well the worm has turned!

I am working on the conclusions drawn by certain "Professionals" regarding their understanding of things PALAEOLITHIC and am finding them wanting!

I will be strongly challenging past theses which seem to have perhaps no substance to their origin.

By Jack Sneddon @ 26 June 2016 02:19
"The End of The Beginning?"

(to quote W.S. Churchill)

Watch this space!

All of our excavations on the moss of Cruden support PALAEOLITHIC habitation,roughly to the west of the den of bodam.

Certain past excavations carried out on the " Den of Bodam" , exposed Neolithic manufacturing on a high exposed promontory!

A couple or so miles inland lay evidence of a much earlier human habitation.

No professional archaeologist appears to have been contracted by the government to investigate this quandary.!

Watch this Space!














By Jack Sneddon @ 05 September 2016 22:01

Saturday, 3 September 2016




The Missing Link!



Tonight I have reviewed all of my previous posts.y et again

I find that there is a schism existing between Geomphorogical Publications and analyses of Archaeological findings regarding how they might complement one another in time!

This, I feel; has become most noticeable with the advent of the study of Soil Science.

Perhaps overdue concern has been given, in the past; to archaeological hypothesese and their conclusions without due consideration being given to the Geomphorogical status of their surroundings and, most important of all; the analysis of the soils from which they were exhumed!






Posted by Jack Sneddon at 17:15 No comments:

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Thursday, 25 August 2016






This evening I have reviewed all of my posts regarding PALAEOLITHIC SCOTLAND!!

I have analysed them from Archaeological, Geomphorogical and other points of view!

My analysis shows a great schism existing between past Archaeological and Geomphorogical findings and their specific conclusions.

ie. they do not tie up with one another on time!

Check it out!!

Perhaps the Archaeological fraternities might work closer with Soil Science technologies in the future!

To be continued!


Saturday, 3 September 2016




The Missing Link!



Tonight I have reviewed all of my previous posts.y et again

I find that there is a schism existing between Geomphorogical Publications and analyses of Archaeological findings regarding how they might complement one another in time!

This, I feel; has become most noticeable with the advent of the study of Soil Science.

Perhaps overdue concern has been given, in the past; to archaeological hypothesese and their conclusions without due consideration being given to the Geomphorogical status of their surroundings and, most important of all; the analysis of the soils from which they were exhumed!






Posted by Jack Sneddon at 17:15 No comments:

Email This

BlogThis!

Share to Twitter

Share to Facebook

Share to Pinterest









Thursday, 25 August 2016






This evening I have reviewed all of my posts regarding PALAEOLITHIC SCOTLAND!!

I have analysed them from Archaeological, Geomphorogical and other points of view!

My analysis shows a great schism existing between past Archaeological and Geomphorogical findings and their specific conclusions.

ie. they do not tie up with one another on time!

Check it out!!

Perhaps the Archaeological fraternities might work closer with Soil Science technologies in the future!

To be continued!


Saturday, 3 September 2016




The Missing Link!



Tonight I have reviewed all of my previous posts.y et again

I find that there is a schism existing between Geomphorogical Publications and analyses of Archaeological findings regarding how they might complement one another in time!

This, I feel; has become most noticeable with the advent of the study of Soil Science.

Perhaps overdue concern has been given, in the past; to archaeological hypothesese and their conclusions without due consideration being given to the Geomphorogical status of their surroundings and, most important of all; the analysis of the soils from which they were exhumed!






Posted by Jack Sneddon at 17:15 No comments:

Email This

BlogThis!

Share to Twitter

Share to Facebook

Share to Pinterest









Thursday, 25 August 2016






This evening I have reviewed all of my posts regarding PALAEOLITHIC SCOTLAND!!

I have analysed them from Archaeological, Geomphorogical and other points of view!

My analysis shows a great schism existing between past Archaeological and Geomphorogical findings and their specific conclusions.

ie. they do not tie up with one another on time!

Check it out!!

Perhaps the Archaeological fraternities might work closer with Soil Science technologies in the future!

To be continued!


By Jack Sneddon @ 04 December 2016 23:31
IN SITU GEOMORPHOLOGY and ARCHAEOLOGY?!

It appears to me that in some cases the GEOMORPHOLOGY of some areas and the ARCHAEOLOGY found therein do not sem to officially tie up with one another!

This is most evident in our trying to equate our cache retrieved from the soils of the moss of Cruden with its place in archaeological expectations! At that time.

I feel however that the worm is now turning and that we should try to equate the Archaeology discovered with where it was discovered rather than, perhaps; the other way about in some instances.








By Jack Sneddon @ 06 December 2016 23:37
Oh by the way!

The PALAEOLITHIC SCOTLAND found on the moss of Cruden is still moving.

The Den of Bodam sites are still static!

Do you get my drift?

Queries welcomed!

By Jack Sneddon @ 13 December 2016 00:08
Clarification on my previous post (if needed)

The PALAEOLITHIC material discovered on The moss of Cruden has been !moving downstream for a great number of millennia!

The process which is governing this is called "Solifluction".

Solifluction is not taking place at the Den of Bodam !

I will be posting this on my blogspot outlet also as everyone should be made aware of this fact.

It was important to me that "Online Archaeology" got first call on this finding!


By Jack Sneddon @ 14 December 2016 23:10
Ammendment to previous post!

Solifluction on the Moss of Cruden is much faster than that which is being exposed/experienced on The Demographic Bodam!

I am on the case!

By Jack Sneddon @ 23 December 2016 23:39
The Moss of Cruden and it's clues to a better understanding of the story of our planet !

As far as I can gather ,as an ametuer, the most important PALAEOLITHIC findings have been retrieved from soil sections which are still in motion!

This is a most important observation and one which will be followed up.

I will post this information on my Blog out of courtesy.















By Jack Sneddon @ 07 March 2017 21:26
RAW TIMELINE DATA FOR ASSEMBLAGE AND INVESTIGATION.
(ROUGHLY CHRONOLOGICAL)

C. 250,000,000 BP:- DEVONIAN EXTINCTION.
C. 1,800,000 BP:- “Twiggy” arrives in Olduvai Gorge (species “Homo”)
C. 500,000 BP:- “BOXGROVE MAN” resident in Sussex (species “Homo”)
C.160,000 BP:- NEANDERTHALLS IN EUROPE (GIBRALTAR)
C. 40,000 BP:- HOMO SAPIENS APPEAR (middle of ice age).
C. 30,000 BP:- NEANDERTHALS EXTINCT? ( had been around since C.160,000 BP and apparently had all the physiological requirements for interbreeding with HOMO SAPIENS!).
C. 12,900 BP – C. 11,700 BP:- YOUNGER DRYAS CATACLYSM (and recovery)!
C. 10,000 BC:- GOBEKLI TEPE.
C. 6,200 BC:- STOREGGA SLIDE.
C. 4,500 BC:- STONE HENGE.
Above is a synopsis of events which I will integrate
into the stepping stone structure which Palaeolithic Scotland will provide across the torrent of uncertainty which is preventing us from getting to "The Other Side"
Thank You Online Archaeology for your patience "We are not too far away from the other Side"!

By Jack Sneddon @ 16 April 2017 21:45
Palaeolithic Scotland and it's Location near the RHYNIE CHERT!

Most of my previous blogs have only mentioned the RHYNIE CHERT as if the whole world knew about its existence already!

Well! to any one who is not familiar with The RHYNIE CHERT's credentials please visit :-
 Aberdeen University's RHYNIE CHERT learning resource to be found on their excellent web site.

The close vicinity of Palaeolithic Scotland and The RHYNIE CHERT findings adds an important dimension to what might bring future Archaeological and Geomphorogical cooperations closer to one another than what they have been,at least up till now; not evident to myself,as an amateur.

It is evident to me that past important steps which could have been made toward the early  understandings of our coming out of  an Eden got mixed up with one another when Archaeology and Geomophorology fought for dominance over one another as to the date of what was found where.

Well!

There is no doubt in my mind that past verdicts were heavily weighed in Archaeology terms without due cognisance being given to Geomphorogical evidence of their place in time!

Watch this Space.

I will copy this to my  Online Archaeology site.

Please find attached
(As promised in my Blog)


By Jack Sneddon @ 17 May 2017 23:12
Den of Bodam/Moss of Cruden Singularity in the History Of Archaeological and Geological Competition!

Our Palaeolithic findings from the Moss of Cruden and others findings of the late Neolithic from the Den of Bodam lie within a pleasant walking distance of one another.

The Neolithic pits are found on a rocky promontory while the Palaeolithic material is found inland on cattle grazing fertile soil deposited over Red Granite!

I have searched and searched for any Archaeological reason why this should be but can find none!

Watch this Space!


By Jack Sneddon @ 05 June 2017 00:03
The Moss of Cruden and Den of Bodam Enigma!

I have chosen to replace my past use of the word "Singularity" in my previous articles with the word "Enigma".

As an amateur I feel that I am better equipped to expose an enigma than a singularity!

I have sent an email to various members of our Archaeological hierarchy which I trust they will reply to within the next 7 days!



By Jack Sneddon @ 19 June 2017 22:33
Hi sorry that I have been quiet for some time on Online Archaeology. I have spent some time trying to prepare a paper for Presentation to Nature regarding the importance of the Moss of Cruden in establishing a Palaeolithic Scotland experience.
Unfortunately this will not be possible under the rules for publication by Nature! as I have made public our findings and their conclusions prior to any possible consideration for a publication by Nature.
This is unfortunate but does not default me in continuing with the investigation into past Archaeological and Geomorphological divergences in so far as agreement of what was found where and why it was therefore Palaeolithic or not!
In the past I feel that Archaeological opinions held sway but the findings on the moss of Cruden are showing that perhaps this should not have been the case!
I will copy this to my Blog and will spread the information between it and Online Archaeology!





By Jack Sneddon @ 25 June 2017 23:31
I almost panicked unnecessarily! I suppose a few amateurs like myself who have allegedly opened up new ground in questioning how some past Archaeological interpretations of what was found where seem to have not been looked into, what I would call "The Bigger Geomphorogical Archaeological" picture of the surrounding area of certain Archaeological claims.

The flint cache found on the Den of Bodam was agreed by its respected excavator and myself to be late Neolithic.
I accepted this because the Geomorphology fitted in with the Archaeology!

However the more important Archaeological finds from the moss of Cruden,which are eminently more revealing; appear to have been ignored in the past and this without reference to a very important publication by Nature! It is a soil science article and if you are interested in it then I am sure that you will
find it.
Look for it and compare it's Geomorphological and Palaeolithic ethnicity with with those of the late Neolithic finds from the den of Bodam!

I will copy this to my Blog out of courtesy, if this is a problem the please let me know!



By Jack Sneddon @ 29 June 2017 00:16
Solution of the Enigma!

I was once advised by a respected Archaeologist that I should get the Geomorphology / Geology of the Moss of Cruden into alignment with some past Archaeological understandings!

Further investigations on the Moss of Cruden have established that past Archaeological opinions as regards their denial of any evidence of a Palaeolithic presence in Buchan are academically flawed to the nth degree!

Watch this space!






I'm on the case! Watch this space!

By Jack Sneddon @ 30 June 2017 01:28
I have been reviewing past papers on PALAEOLITHIC findings in what is now known as "The British Isles".

I have also chosen, initially; a particular triangle whose area is contained within the geographical points of Boxgrove, Swanscome and the Moss of Cruden. I have also tried to relate the specific Archaeological and Geomorphorological Relationships in time which agree with one another!
At this moment in time I find that some Archaeological claims may soon be weighed and be found wanting in the balance of credulity which is composed of the scales of Archaeology and Geomorphology which rest on the pivot of time and not on human notions!

I will copy this to my blog!














By Jack Sneddon @ 30 June 2017 01:31
I have been reviewing past papers on PALAEOLITHIC findings in what is now known as "The British Isles".

I have also chosen, initially; a particular triangle whose area is contained within the geographical points of Boxgrove, Swanscome and the Moss of Cruden. I have also tried to relate the specific Archaeological and Geomorphorological Relationships in time which agree with one another!
At this moment in time I find that some Archaeological claims may soon be weighed and be found wanting in the balance of credulity which is composed of the scales of Archaeology and Geomorphology which rest on the pivot of time and not on human notions!

I will copy this to my blog!














By Jack Sneddon @ 27 July 2017 23:18
Tonight I have been going over all of the findings of my investigations, particularly from the moss of Cruden and BOXGROVE visits.

It would be fair to say that a very eminent and much respected Archaeologist advised me once that I had to get the Geomorphology sorted out,as regards the area of the Moss of Cruden which we inspected that day!

Well I have done that !

It seems that the Geomorphology was sorted out about 250 or so years ago but alas this did not fit in with future Archaeological opinions

For some peculiar reason past Archaeological opinions hold sway over Geomorphological facts as to how old what was found where!

Well the worm is turning!

You bet!

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