Login
Sign Up
Online Archaeology
Get the Online Archaeology app from the Apple iPhone Store now

Get the Online Archaeology app now!


Scottish Archaeology Books
Minimize
Search
Industrial Archaeology of Scotland, Vol. 1: The Lowlands and Borders: The Lowland Counties
Industrial Archaeology of Scotland, ..."
by: John R. Hume
Amazon Price:
Industrial Archaeology of Scotland, Vol. 1: The Lowlands and Borders: The Lowland Counties
Glasgow, Clydeside and Stirling (Exploring Scotland's Heritage)
Glasgow, Clydeside and Stirling ..."
by: Royal Commission on ...
Amazon Price:
Glasgow, Clydeside and Stirling (Exploring Scotland's Heritage)
Scotland: An Oxford Archaeological Guide (Oxford Archaeological Guides)
Scotland: An Oxford Archaeological ..."
by: Anna Ritchie, Graham ...
Amazon Price: £28.10
Scotland: An Oxford Archaeological Guide (Oxford Archaeological Guides)
Fife, Perthshire and Angus (Exploring Scotland's Heritage)
Fife, Perthshire and Angus (Exploring ..."
by: Royal Commission on ...
Amazon Price:
Fife, Perthshire and Angus (Exploring Scotland's Heritage)
The Prehistoric Peoples of Scotland (Routledge Library Editions: Archaeology)
The Prehistoric Peoples of Scotland ..."
by:
Amazon Price: £59.26
The Prehistoric Peoples of Scotland (Routledge Library Editions: Archaeology)
Orkney and Shetland (Exploring Scotland's Heritage)
Orkney and Shetland (Exploring ..."
by: Royal Commission on ...
Amazon Price:
Orkney and Shetland (Exploring Scotland's Heritage)
Towers in the North: The Brochs of Scotland (Revealing History)
Towers in the North: The Brochs of ..."
by: Ian Armit
Amazon Price: £15.63
Towers in the North: The Brochs of Scotland (Revealing History)
Industrial Archaeology of Scotland (Industrial Archaeology of British Isles)
Industrial Archaeology of Scotland ..."
by: John Butt
Amazon Price:
Industrial Archaeology of Scotland (Industrial Archaeology of British Isles)
Archaeology: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions)
Archaeology: A Very Short ..."
by: Paul Bahn
Amazon Price: £6.39
Archaeology: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions)
Maritime Scotland (Historic Scotland)
Maritime Scotland (Historic Scotland)"
by: Brian Lavery
Amazon Price:
Maritime Scotland (Historic Scotland)
Archaeology Articles
Minimize

Current Articles | Categories | Search | Syndication

10 December 2006
A new perspective on West Cornwall courtyard houses by Jacqui Wood
By Steve White @ 08:57 :: 13826 Views :: 0 Comments :: General Archaeology
 
Article Pages:
Introduction

In the upland area of West Cornwall known as West Penwith, bordered by the low- lying lands between Marazion on the South coast and Hayle on the North coast is a particular type of prehistoric dwelling known as the courtyard house. These occupied during the Iron Age and Romano-British period. The term courtyard house was first used in preference to hut clusters by H. O’Neil Hencken in 1933(Hencken 1933 237 - 84). This distinguished them as a separate entity to clusters of hut circles found in the area. The site at Chysauster, by contrast, was not fully excavated until 1933 by Hencken, followed by Hirst’s excavation, in 1937 of the Porthmeor courtyard house site. Later that year came Hirst’s national publication of courtyard house sites (Hirst 1937 b).

This paper endeavours to put forward a workable hypothesis that courtyard houses were in fact large buildings having one large roof ( West Cornwall Galleried houses). In order to formulate this theory it is necessary to devise a method whereon the roofs could have been built following the conventional hypothesis, with a central open courtyard. Hut 6 at Chysauster (Fig 1) and Hut 4 at Chysauster (Fig 2) will be used to illustrate the various theories.


Fig 1.


Fig 2.

Typical features of Courtyard Houses These include:

  • a. A number of rooms or enclosures which conform to a definite plan.
  • b. Covered drains or water systems both inside and outside houses.
  • c. One fogou in each village is common. (A fogou is a subterranean structure, resembling Irish Souterrains and Scottish Earth-Houses.)
  • d. Paving of entrances of houses; occasional paving inside rooms or ways and paved courtyards outside the houses.
  • e. No ditches found outside the houses.
  • f. Hearths lined with sherds were common
  • g. Terraces found outside the houses often filled by hand.
  • h. The round rooms of houses commonly contained basins cut into granite slabs.
  • i. Certain types of beach stones and beach boulders appear to belong to the period, and suggest that special industries were practised of a type at present unknown. Though possibly the tin trade was involved.
  • j. The period covered is thought to be late Iron-Age to the end of the Romano-British period. (Hirst 1937b)

Reprinted from CORNISH ARCHAEOLOGY No. 36 1997

Cliff Dreamers (Podcast)
http://www.myspace.com/cliffdreamers
A magical stoneage adventure novel written and presented by archaeologist/author Jacqui Wood. Full of mysticism, adventure, coming of age and humour. Set 6000 years ago in northern Europe.
www.archaeologyonline.org

Previous Page | Next Page
Comments
Currently, there are no comments. Be the first to post one!
You must be logged in to post a comment. You can login here
Go to email Go to delicious.com Go to digg Go to technorati Go to reddit Go to stumbleupon Go to facebook Go to newsvine Go to simpy Go to google bookmarks Go to yahoo bookmarks Go to yahoo myweb Go to ask Go to slashdot Go to rawsugar Go to mister-wong Go to backflip Go to diigo Go to tailrank Go to live Go to twitter Go to fark Go to blogmarks Go to linkagogo Go to wink Go to ma.gnolia Go to bluedot Go to netvouz Go to blinklist Go to sphinn
Home · Connect · Contribute
Copyright 2013 Online Archaeology   |   Terms of Use   |   Privacy Statement